Norway´s National Parks
are regulated by the laws of nature. Nature decides both how and when
to do things. National Parks are established in order to protect large
natural areas - from the coast to the mountains. This is done for our
sake, for generations to come and for the benefit of nature itself.
BØRGEFJELL NATIONAL PARK
Extended: 1971, 2003
Size: 1447 km2
A sanctuary for the Arctic fox
of Børgefjell National Park is a wilderness, affecting our
senses with a wide range of powerful impressions. In the west there are
high summits and deep valleys with cirque glaciers and mountain lakes.
In the south there are wild river rapids and beautiful waterfalls,
while the eastern parts are characterised by more rounded hill tops and
open heath land.
For those interested in hunting and trout
fishing, Børgefjell has much to offer. Børgefjell is also
one of the few places you can encounter the Arctic fox, the most
endangered mammal in Norway.
Not a place to be in a hurry
you want to become properly acquainted with Børgefjell National
Park, you should allow several days in order to do justice to the
mountain. In addition to the time you intend to spend inside the
national park, you should calculate an extra day to get in and a day to
get out again.
weather can change quickly, so make sure that you have enough clothes
and proper equipment. There is a high level of precipitation in the
west and south, while the north east is more protected by the
mountains. Winters can be hard, with cold temperatures and large
amounts of snow. The snow often arrives in October, and in the
high-lying areas it can remain until well into the summer months.
Not designed for tourism, but good walking terrain
Børgefjell you will generally be alone with nature and your own
experiences. There are very few cabins, bridges or marked paths.
numerous rivers and lakes make Børgefjell an eldorado for trout
fishing. Hunting is permitted in the national park, although elk
hunting is prohibited in the core area. You may move around freely in
the national park, apart from one area east of the Namsvatn Lake. This
area is closed from 20 June until 25 July while the geese are changing
From marshland to mountain peaks
National Park covers a height range above sea level from 270 to 1.699
metres. There are lakes, rivers, marshland, scree, heath land,
mountains and mountain peaks.
Mountain peaks in the west
highest mountain peaks are in the west. The bedrock here is primarily
dark granite, Børgefjell granite, which gives the landscape its
desolate appearance. This is where you will find the highest mountain
in the park, Kvigtinden, towering 1.699 metres above sea level. Other
places, such as in the Rainesfjellet area, you will find rough stone
screes without vegetation. Sub-glacial moraines cover much of the
Not just a stone desert
lower heights and broad valleys with fertile mountain sides are typical
of the hospitable and smooth terrain in other parts of the national
park. The bedrock here provides a basis for luxuriant vegetation and a
rich plant and animal life. Marshland is the most important
characteristic in this part of the landscape.
A multitude of
lakes The many lakes of varying sizes give B¿rgefjell its
special character. The largest lakes are Simskardvatnet and Orvatnet.
The rivers north of Orvassdraget run east towards Sweden. In the
northernmost parts of the national park the rivers run towardsTiplingan
and Susendalen, while in the west they run towards Fiplingdalen and
The watercourses are varied Ð from the large but
peaceful Orvassdraget and the majestic Storfossen waterfall in the
Jengelvassdraget to the small mountain streams found all over the
National Park. The famous rivers, Namsen and Vefsna, both have their
sources in Børgefjell.
Unproductive conditions for plants
300 plant species are registered in Børgefjell. The tree line is
between 500 and 600 metres above sea level. Most of the woodland is
birch. The only significant areas of spruce forest are found by the
Namsvatnet Lake, in Namskroken and Simskardet. Pine trees can be found
scattered across dry mounds of rock and in the marshlands in the lower
areas, while heath vegetation dominates above the tree line.
you can walk for hours in sedge and blueberry heath land. There is a
thriving life in the many willow thickets. Børgefjell has plenty
of marshland with bog asphodel, purple moorgrass and trichophorum
cestitosum, which make the marshland solid enough to walk on.
landscape in Børgefjell is ideal for birds. The numerous
watercourses, extensive willow thickets and sedge marshes provide
excellent living conditions and an ample source of food. Birds
associated with marshy terrain are particularly at home here. There is
a very rich bird life around Tiplingan and the lower part of the
The most common bird of prey in the national
park is the rough-legged buzzard, but you will also find the snow owl,
the mighty golden eagle and a range of other birds of prey brooding
here. The combination of good nesting opportunities and easy access to
food means that they are particularly content in Børgefjell.
Few but vigorous
"speciality" of Børgefjell is the Arctic fox, although in terms
of numbers the wolverine is the most common of the large predators.
Both lynxes and bears make appearances as dispersal-resident animals.
The most common small predators are the red fox, the snow weasel, the
marten and the stoat. It is also possible to catch the occasional
glimpse of an otter.
In the woodland areas, and sometimes even
in the mountains, you can spot an elk. The elk is protected from
hunting in parts of the national park. The hare is common, and
squirrels can be found in the coniferous forest areas, while there are
beavers in the Orvassdraget watercourse. There are also several
different species of nibblers, including lemmings and mice.
entire Børgefjell area is used for domesticated reindeer. The
western, eastern and southern parts of the National Park are mainly
used as grazing areas in the summer, while the northern areas are used
for grazing all year round. Furthest east there are reindeer coming in
The Arctic fox clings to life
go for a walk in Børgefjell you might actually encounter an
Arctic fox - if you are lucky. You should enjoy the moment, and then
move on slowly.
The fox needs all the peace it can get. The
numbers of Arctic fox have not increased since they were protected in
1930. Today there are only a few animals left, and Børgefjell is
the only place with a viable population of Arctic fox. The few groups
of Arctic fox still in existence in Norway are small and widespread.
Almost extinct as a result of hunting
almost caused the extinction of the Arctic fox. Around the year 1900
hunters caught approximately 2000 Arctic foxes annually. The price of a
fur was extremely high and it was not unusual to receive the equivalent
of a year´s salary for one fur.
Sami people controlled the land in Børgefjell right up until the
beginning of the twentieth century. They have kept reindeer in the area
for at least 500 years. Sami cultural monuments in the form of
settlements and hunting stations can be found both inside the National
Park and in the border areas around it.
The first farms in the
area appeared at the end of the 1700s and beginning of the 1800s, and
Norwegian settlement increased from then onwards. The first farms were
established when there was a shortage of land elsewhere.
In 1932 the Norwegian Mountain Touring Association (DNT)
suggested that Børgefjell should be preserved as a wilderness,
without cabins or marked paths. This is one of the reasons why
Børgefjell has not become a particular tourist attraction.
Dovrefjell - Sunndalsfjella
SOGN & FJORDANE
MØRE & ROMSDAL
Dovrefjell - Sunndalsfjella
Dovrefjell - Sunndalsfjella
Skarvan and Roltdalen
Skarvan and Roltdalen
Saltfjellet - Svartisen